Declaration for Mental Health Day
Mental Health Prevention Centre
in Naples, Italy
It is important to point out that there will be an
increasing trend of psychic pathologies in the next twenty years, and that this
increase creates a state of alarm in all health care institutions.
Depression, anxiety and eating disorders are the
pathologies which are most increasing in Europe.
Women are those who suffer most from such disorders.
Depression, in particular, is the second cause of
disease burden for women in the world.
In order to combat mental disorders priority must be
given to recognising that there is a "female emergency" regarding
mental pathologies in general, and with regard to depression in particular.
It must be recognized that this tendency to increase
means that there is a lack of adequate prevention strategies and appropriate
It must be realized that treatment by drugs, which
today most widespread among women (who are the higher consumers of psychodrugs)
does not combat depression but lead to chronic states and increases women's
In the field of research on women's risk factors,
it is necessary to focus on:
violence experiences, double work, motherhood stress,
skills in taking care of others.
Clinical treatment must be directed towards:
analysis of disease (anamnesis, diagnostic assessment, prognosis) showing up the
risk factors involved in daily life before onset of mental pathology.
In particular the psychological and psychiatric
approach must show up
violence experiences, work
overload, motherhood stress, and
cultural aptitude to taking care of others;
intervention on these factors by means of appropriate and innovative tools
modifying lifestyles which cause stress and pathologies in women.
To fit the Prevention on Women's needs
Prevention is the first field of action to combat the
in the Community
consists in fight against: gender discrimination,
poverty, hunger, malnutrition, overwork by multiple roles, sexual and domestic
violence, sexual prejudices, which contribute to the high prevalence of mental
problems experienced by women.
Institutions and Governments must carry on this kind of
Its aim is to promote equality policies and actions of
empowerment for women.
in the Psychological and Psychiatric field
consists in giving a stop to "the mutation process" from bad life-conditions
to mental disorders.
Health care providers must carry on this kind of
Its aims are:
and to verify how a social pressure becomes an illness, through the description
and the analysis of life situations and clinical case.
2. To spread strategies to face specific stressors in women's daily life and to avoid break-down reactions.
in the daily life
consists in giving information on links between the
daily life and risks of mental disorders.
This Prevention is addressed to women.
Its aim is improving the knowledge of women on daily
life risks and specifically when:
guilty and accomplice of violence and discrimination experienced;
care of other's needs without recognition of their work and of the spent
resources in favours to others;
on family work without measuring the fatigue and their own limits;
up relationship with the partner cutting themselves off friendly context;
neglect personal interests: in study, professional training, external work, hobbies, relationship, etc.; and neglect
activities which contribute to their improvement;
have supportive and hopeful relationships with persons out of the family;
have time for taking care of